Vertigo is a feeling that the world or the body is rotating. Our sense of position and movement is due to our "vestibular system" which can be seen in the inner ear. Our inner ear has our sense of balance. This vertigo is accompanied by "nystagmus," which is the sudden movement of the eye.
When standing and the attacks of vertigo happen, the patient falls to the right if the problem is in his right ear and left when the problem is in the left ear. When the vertigo is accompanied by tinnitus or ringing in the ear, it is called Ménière's disease.
One common type of vertigo is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo's. It occurs in those with age. May have history of stroke on the head but the majority is no reason why there was vertigo. The vertigo in BPPV occurs 3-40 seconds after positioning the head to the right or left while lying. The symptoms will gradually lessen as the head is positioned.
It is advisable to consult a doctor to know exactly if the problem is BPPV or if there are other diseases which results in vertigo. There are "vestibular function tests" like putting a cold or hot air pipes or ear and see what kind of symptoms appear. You'll also have the right left ear problem and the only problem here or within the head is the problem. MRI of the head can also be done.
A person with vertigo should do bed rest and take drugs such as SERC. In BPPV, there is a kind of exercise called Epley procedure which is very helpful remedy for vertigo. When there is Ménière's disease, diuretics are necessary as well as reducing intake of salty food. When the pain is in the brain, surgical operation can be considered according to doctor’s advice.