Detective stories have always been very popular in the world. The detective heroes are adored by many readers. It doesn't need much time to say who is the most renowned fictional detective the world has witnessed. Indeed, it's Sherlock Holmes; the character that overshadowed its creator. He is the king of the detectives.
Edgar Allanpoe is considered to be the founder of detective fiction. But Sherlock Holmes series went far ahead of Allanpoe works and paved a new way. The history of detective fiction can be divided into two periods; before Holmes and after Holmes. That much strong was the popularity and influence of the character on the readers.
It was in 1887, Sherlock Holmes entered the literature world; with the novel titled A Study in Scarlet. The character was created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The adventures of Holmes were presented through the anecdotes by his friend Dr. Watson.
There were many detective stories and characters created before him. They all possesed different talents as well; sharp shooting, camouflaging and so on. But they were all of a lifespan of a single reading. After that, they would be remembered no more. But, Sherlock Holmes was like none of them. It was a single talent that distinguished him from others, a talent that stunned others; unparalleled observation power. His reasoning methods of the conclusions were astonishing for not just the characters but the readers as well.
Sherlock Holmes stories were published in the 1887-1927 period; 4 novels and 56 short stories. The investigation prospects have changed a lot now. Many of the perceptions at that time would seem foolish today. But the Sherlock Holmes stories stay there timeless. The fact that those works are still used as texts in many investigation agencies including Scotland Yard is just an example for that.
Sir Doyle died in 1930. But Holmes still lives today. For many readers, Sherlock Holmes is not mere a fictional character. They like to believe that he is still residing in the 221B house in the Baker Street of London with Dr. Watson.