The Genetic Secret of Apple and Wheat has been Manifested
Among the most important of human problems, rising population is forefront. Along side the environmental and seasonal changes have spread such a disaster that standing harvest started ruining. Diseases started attacking them and as a result the real danger of food scarcity came forward. Wheat has ever been the most important food for the whole world and it’s also the oldest human food. Just imagine how human can live without wheat in the world.
This is a genetic era. If genetic code of any living organism would be sought, its breeding and growth could be controlled. The Britain scientists have achieved great success in decoding the genetic code of wheat, which would result in a way that the hardest wheat could be prepared which could cope with the environmental and seasonal changes. It would breed more in less space and likewise the rising population needs could be fulfilled.
Wheat is harvested more than any other grain in the world. The scientists have declared that they are publishing the genetic code of wheat on the internet so that the scientists all over the world could be benefited by this research in order to improve its production in their countries. This is a revolutionary discovery and would prove as a milestone in the field of food.
The team of Neil Hall scientist of Liverpool has discovered this code. They say that the benefits of their research would reveal in the next five years.
Genome or genetic map provides the complete DNA details of any living organism. DNA is a combination of complex molecules which provides complete instructions about the structure and activities of any living organism. When Genome of any living organism has been understood, we get extraordinary information about it, for instance, how it came into existence, how its beginning and growth did happen and how does it die etc.
The Wheat entered in the world of genetics a little late. The genetic code of rice was found in 2005, maize in 2009 and of Soya bean in the beginning of last year. The reason for its late entry is that its genetic map is extraordinary bigger and thicker. It is not only bigger than rice and maize but also five times bigger than human genome.
For e.g. when one kind of Sugar Wheat was examined, there were 6 copies of the same gene, whereas in majority of living organisms there are 2 copies of the same gene. Now the genetic engineers could easily make such technology by which wheat could be prepared using artificial means.
On the other side, the international team of scientists which included scientists from Italy, France, Newzeland, Belgium and America have discovered the genetic code of Apple. This would help in understanding that which gene is responsible for any characteristic of an apple.
It would also be known that which gene is responsible for resistance from diseases and which one is better for growth. Likewise the human control on Apple production and its various characteristics would increase. Besides other information, gene provides information about its general appearance, health, production, color and taste too.