Rajasthan, the largest state of the Republic of India, is the best tourism spot in India. Most of its area is covers by the Great Indian Desert known as Thar Desert which has an edge paralleling Satluj-Indus river along with its borders to Pakistan. It covers an area of 132,150 sq miles. This state constitutes 10.41% of the total area of country.
The capital of Rajasthan is Jaipur, also known as the ‘Pink City’.
One of the world’s oldest mountain ranges, Aravali ranges, is present in Rajasthan and cradles the only hill station of this state, Mt Abu. There are also two famous national tiger reserves- Ranthambore and Sariska Tiger Reserves and a Keoladeo National Park near Bharatpur which is famous for its Bird life.
Tourism is the most flourished industry in Rajasthan because of its popularity due to enriched culture and a great history.
The palaces of Jaipur, lakes of Udaipur, forts of Jaisalmer, Jodhpur and other places are the most preferred destinations in Rajasthan that are visited by Indian tourists as well as foreigners. Tourism accounts for 8% of states domestic product.
Rajasthan is famous for the majestic forts, and well decorated ‘havelis’ that were built by Rajput kings in previous ages. Architectural structures like Lake Palace, Hawa Mahal, Mehrangarh Fort, City Palaces, Dilwara temples or Jaisalmer Forts are the true heritage of India.
Jaipur is known as pink city because all the ancient houses are made of a type of sandstone having a pink tone.
Jain temples are scattered all over Rajasthan from east to west and north to south; like Dilwara Temple at Mount Abu, Ranakpur Temple dedicated to Lord Adinath near Udapiur.
Rajasthan is often known as paradise for shoppers. This state is famous for its handicrafts, semi-precious stones, textile products. The designs of jewelleries are attractive and have an ancient touch. Jaipur is famous for its jewelleries.
Rajasthani furniture is best piece of art and presents the ancient culture.
Handicrafts are in international demand because of intricate work done on them.
Rajasthan is the most popular place among shoppers because it provides cheap prices for quality products.
Culture of Rajasthan:
Rajasthan is culturally very rich and traditions followed here reflect the ancient Indian way of life. Whenever people discuss about Rajasthan’s culture, the first thing that come into there mind is Folk Culture. It is depicted as symbol of Rajasthan. Highly nourished classical music and dance are valuable part of Rajasthan’s culture.
The Ghoomar dance of Udaipur and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer are recognized worldwide. One of the most entertaining cultures of Rajasthan is the Kathputli dance or puppet shows that are mostly comprised of ancient stories. Folk songs generally relate with heroic deeds, romantic songs, religious and devotional songs etc.
Rajasthan is also known for its traditional art such as Sanganer prints, Bagaru prints, Jhari embroidery which are main domestic product of Rajasthan. Handicraft items like wooden structure, blue pottery, carpets are famous here. Rajasthani clothes have lots mirror work and embroidery which is their speciality. A Rajasthani traditional dress for females comprises an ankle length skirt and a short top, also known as chaniya choli or lehenga odhni. Odhni is used to cover the head which is the symbol of modesty.
Rajasthan’s desert festival known as Maru Mela is a well celebrated festival along with festivals like Holi, Deepawali, Teej, Makar Sankranti and Janmashtami. Maru Mela is celebrated once a year during winter. There are fairs with puppeteers acrobats, folk dancers and singers. Camels play an important role in this festival.
Wildlife in Rajasthan
Rajasthan is famous for its wildlife. There are 4 national parks an wildlife sanctuaries namely Keoladeo National park of Bharatpur, Sariska Tiger Reserve of Alwar, Ranthambore National Park of Sawai Madhopur and Desert National Park of Jaisalmer.
Ranthambore an Sariska are well known for their tiger reserves and has always attracted photographers and tiger lovers from all over the world.
How to get here:
Rajasthan is connected to other parts of the country by road or National Highways. You can get to Rajasthan by air, rail or by road.
By Air: There are three main airports in Rajasthan- Jaipur airport, Udaipur airport, Jodhpur airport. You can get to these airports by major cities of India like Delhi and Mumbai.
By Rail: Rajasthan is connected to main cities of India by railway. Jaipur, Udaipur and Jodhpur are main railway centers of Rajasthan.
By Road: Rajasthan is well connected to different cities of India by roads and national highways.