Nutrition And Growth
Child must grow and gain weight quickly. From birth to 2 years, children must be weighed on a regular basis to assess growth. If it shows that children of normal weight not gaining weight, or the parents or guardians to others to see the child grows, there is something wrong. Kids need to see a qualified health worker.
Breast milk is the only food and drink that the child is needed only in the first six months of life. After six months, babies need a variety of foods other than breast milk to ensure healthy growth and development.
By the age of 6-8 months, the child needs to eat two or three times a day and three or four times a day, beginning nine months – in addition to the breast. Depending on the child’s appetite, one or two nutritious snacks like fruit or bread, pasta with walnuts, you may need between meals. The child should be fed small amounts of foods that are under constant variety and quantity as he grows.
Time courses are power, love and interaction, which promotes physical growth, social and emotional development. Parent or guardian should be discussed during the infant and the care and feeding for boys and girls equally, and with patience.
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Children need vitamin A to resist disease, to protect their vision and reduce the risk of death. Vitamin present in many fruits and vegetables, red palm oil products, eggs, every day, liver, meat, fortified foods and milk. In areas where vitamin A deficiency is common, high doses of vitamin A can also occur every four to six months for children from 6 months to 5 years.
Children need foods rich in iron to protect their physical and mental capabilities and to prevent anemia. The best sources of iron are from animal sources, such as liver, lean meats and fish. Other good sources include foods fortified with iron and iron supplements.
Iodine in a pregnant woman and the child’s diet is particularly important for brain development of the child. It ‘important to prevent learning difficulties and delayed development. The use of iodized salt instead of ordinary salt provides pregnant women and their children with iodine as much as they need.
As the contribution of child’s food and drink increases the risk of death increases substantially. food contamination by germs is a major cause of diarrhea and other diseases that children lose energy and nutrients needed for growth and development. Good hygiene, drinking water and adequate preparation, processing and storage of food is essential to prevent disease.
During illness, children need extra support and encouragement to eat regular meals and children must breastfeeding breastfeed more often. When sick, children must be offered more food than usual complement of energy and nutrients lost due to illness.
Very thin and / or raise children need special care. They should be taken to a trained health worker or health facility for evaluation and treatment.