In every woman, there is a possibility to have cancer of the cervix especially when they reach the age of 35 and above. More common, the women affected by these condition are those who are in sexual relationship with different men, had infections such as HPV or Human Papilloma Virus and frequent child delivery.
The signs of cervical cancer includes abnormal bleeding such as bleeding after intercourse, excessive strength or duration of menstruation, two or three times menstruation in a month and return of menstruation after menopause. There can also be foul smelly discharge from the vagina, weightloss, pallor and back pain. But usually no symptoms are felt especially in the early stages of cancer.
For early detection, the acetic acid wash, pap smear and colposcopy are used to determine the changes in the collar of the uterus which can possibly be cancer.
Acetic acid wash is a simple examination in which the collar of the uterus is washed with 3% vinegar. If the collar has a wound, infection or cancer, it becomes white.
The Pap smear is conducted by the cotton swab, which, captures the shed cells of the cervix and previews it through a microscope.
As for colposcopy, it is an instrument which is helpful in visualizing the changes or abnormalities of the collar of the uterus.
To prevent Cervical cancer, one should avoid dangerous or risky sexual practices and sexual behaviors have Avoid infections caused by Human Papilloma Virus.