Planting different plants is a good hobby to have. It could be a good way of passing time aside from gaining some profit especially if the plants are valuable.
There are cases wherein you need to reproduce some kind of plants for some reasons. There is a need to increase the numbers of these plants and with these you need to know about some basics about the artificial plant propagation
The artificial means of plant propagation are the methods used in which new plants are produce by using some of the parts of the selected mother plants. These methods are done through cutting, marcotting and grafting. These methods allow you to reproduce the kind of plants you want to produce.
Some plants can easily be reproduced by just cutting its stem and then inserting the cut stem into a rooting medium (pot of moist soil or glass of water). The stem can be transplanted into a separate pot or to the desired location in times that the roots will grow at the edge of the stem.
Marcotting or air layering is another method in which the outer layer of the plant stem is partly cut. After the cut have made, the cut part will be then covered with moist soil or sphagnum moss. It is important to secure it with cloth. Eventually, the wrapped part of the stem will grow roots and once the roots grow or show some signs of development, the cover could be removed.
The stem with its roots can now be planted in the soil. This method of artificial vegetative plant propagation usually made in propagating hardwood plants.
Grafting is a method of artificial vegetative plant propagation in which two young plants (in the same family) are joined together. This could be done by cutting a twig or a bud (called as scion) and joined it into a rooted plant (called as stock).
Proper cutting and inserting of scion and stock should be done accurately since tubes from the two stems that carries nutrients, water and sugar should be properly meet. In here, it should be considered that the scion and the stock should be properly connected to allow nutrients, water and sugar from passing.
Artificial plant propagation saves you more since there is no need for you to buy new seedlings for the new plants. These could be acquired by using artificial plant propagation technique.